Parents and Providers

What you need to know about recreation programs

The Child Care and Early Years Act (CCEYA), 2014 came into effect on August 31, 2015. This legislation replaced the outdated Day Nurseries Act (DNA) and established new rules for child care in Ontario.

The rules under the CCEYA are intended to support the health and safety of children, provide for oversight of caregivers, and help parents make informed choices about child care options.

Types of programs and services not affected by the Act
The Act and its regulations set out what programs and services fall outside the scope of child care or do not require a licence. Examples of programs that are not considered child care include:

  • Nannies or babysitters that provide care to children in the children's own home
  • Care by relatives
  • Day camps that only care for children ages 4 and over
  • Private schools that only care for children ages 4 and over

Recreation programs affected by the Act
Under the Act, programs where the primary purpose is to support skill-based sports and recreation are not considered child care and do not require a licence.

These tend to be episodic programs and services of short duration and frequency. For example:

  • One hour lessons (e.g. dance, music, swimming)
  • Team sports (e.g. hockey practice and games)
  • Club activities that are offered once a week (e.g. Girl Guides, 4-H)

Where the primary purpose is to provide care, these programs must operate as:

  • a licensed child care centre
  • an unlicensed child care provider or
  • an Authorized Recreational and Skill Building Program

Examples could include after-school programs that are offered 3-5 days a week or half day programs for children under the age of 4.

How does the ministry determine whether the primary purpose of a program is care or recreational?
The ministry looks at six factors set out in regulation to determine whether or not the primary purpose of a program is recreational or child care. These factors are:

  • The hours of operation including the frequency and duration of the program offered
  • The ages of the children being served
  • Whether or not transportation is provided to and/or from the program on behalf of the parent
  • The type of facility, equipment and furnishings used to support the program
  • The programming content including how time is dedicated to recreation and care
  • Whether registration and administration of the program is coordinated with one or more programs by the same provider

The primary purpose of a program is determined based on an assessment of the program against each of these factors.

To determine whether a program falls under the recreation exemption, please email: with a description of the program in relation to the factors noted above.

What are Authorized Recreational and Skill Building Programs?
Under the Act, an authorized recreational and skill building program can serve children ages 4 and up (or turning 4 by the end of the year if the program is offered after the start of the school year) if it meets the provisions set out in section 6(4) of the Act, and criteria set out in regulation.

Where can I find information about becoming a licensed child care provider?
Applicants seeking a child care licence must enroll in the web-based Child Care Licensing System (CCLS) to submit an application. CCLS can be accessed through the Early Years Portal. Click on the "Continue" link to begin the enrolment process.

A Ministry of Education program advisor will be assigned to your application once the application is submitted and your fee has been processed. Your program advisor will review the application and contact you to discuss the next steps in your application process.

What are the rules to be an unlicensed child care provider?
An unlicensed child care provider can care for a maximum of 5 children under the age of 13. Providers must count their own children under the age of 4 and may only care for a maximum of 3 children under the age of 2 (including their own children).

An unlicensed provider must also inform parents that they are unlicensed in writing (either hard-copy or electronic). A provider must keep proof of their disclosure for two years. The disclosure should say: "This child care program is not licensed by the Government of Ontario."

An unlicensed provider cannot operate in more than one location.

More information
If you have general questions about child care licensing in Ontario, you can call the Licensed Child Care Helpdesk at 1-877-510-5333.

Your program advisor will be your key contact for questions specific to licensing your program. He or she can help you understand the application process and licensing requirements.

You can also visit Child Care Licensing Resources to find additional online resources to support you through the licensing process.

Additional resources also include: